Appellate practice or an appeal refers to when a case that has been decided by a federal district court or a trial court in a specific state, where either the plaintiff or defendant in that case, is unhappy with the outcome wishes the judgment of the court or jury to be reviewed and possibly reversed by another court of law e.g. appellate court. There are two primary court systems in the United States, a federal court system and a state court system. Each state has its own court system with a trial court, an appellate court and a supreme court which is the final appellate court in that state. The federal court system is similar but comprises of only one court system which decides cases for the entire United States. There are 13 appellate courts that sit below the U.S. Supreme Court, and they are called the U.S. Courts of Appeals. There are 94 district or trial courts called U.S. District courts. The 94 federal judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a court of appeals. In addition, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws, and cases decided by the U.S. Court of International Trade and the U.S. Court of Federal Claims.
Federal Appellate Courts